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The Works of Mencius (Chinese/English)

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The Works of Mencius(Chinese: 孟子), commonly called the Mengzi, is a collection of anecdotes and conversations of the Confucian thinker and philosopher Mencius.

The work dates from the second half of the 4th century BC. It was ranked as a Confucian classic and its status was elevated in Song Dynasty. Zhu Xi, the scholar generally credited with the founding of Neo-Confucianism, included the Mengzi as one of the Four Books, and it became one of the canonical texts of Neo-Confucianism.

Throughout Chinese history there have been several different theories regarding the authorship of the Mengzi. The famed Han Dynasty historian Sima Qian believed that Mencius himself wrote the book with the participation of his students Wan Zhang and Gongsun Chou. Zhu Xi, Zhao Qi, and Qing Dynasty Confucian scholar Jiao Xun believed that Mencius wrote the book himself without any participation from other scholars. Tang Dynasty writers Han Yu and Su Shi, as well as 12th century scholar Chao Gongwu, believed that Wan Zhang and Gongsun Chou wrote the book after Mencius' death from their own records and memories. Like all Chinese classics, the Mengzi has been annotated many times throughout history, but those of Zhao Qi, Zhu Xi, and Jiao Xun are considered the most authoritative.

The Mengzi did not initially enjoy a preeminent position among the great works of Classical Chinese. In the Book of Han's list of notable books and classics, the Mengzi is listed only among the miscellaneous minor works. Emperor Wen of Han officially listed the Mengzi, along with the Analects, the Classic of Filial Piety, and the Erya, among the "Teachings and Records of Master Scholars", giving it Imperial approval.

During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Emperor Meng Chang of Later Shu included the Mengzi in his project of engraving Chinese classics upon stone stele, which likely marks its earliest entrance into the category of true Chinese classics. During the reign of Emperor Xiaozong of Song, Zhu Xi declared the official addition of "The Four Books" (Chinese: 四書) — the Mengzi, the Analects, the Great Learning, and the Doctrine of the Mean as Chinese classics all students should learn. By the Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty, the Mengzi was part of the material tested on the Imperial examinations.

内容简介
《孟子》是记载孟子及其学生言行的一部书,是以记言为主的语录体散文,其中有许多长篇大论,气势磅礴,议论尖锐、机智而雄辩,对后世的散文写作产生了深刻的影响。

目录

卷一 梁惠王章句上
卷二 梁惠王章句下
卷三 公孙丑章句上
卷四 公孙丑章句下
卷五 滕文公章句上
卷六 滕文公章句下
卷七 离娄章句上
卷八 离娄章句下
卷九 万章章句上
卷十 万章章句下
卷十一 告子章句上
卷十二 告子章句下
卷十三 尽心章句上
卷十四 尽心章句下


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The Works of Mencius (Chinese/English)
The Works of Mencius (Chinese/English)
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